Method II is less of an actual training method as it is a training tool: Harness & Gentle Leader. Both tools help you with leash training, help eliminate pulling, and prevent tracheal damage sometimes seen with choke chains/collar pulling.
First, we will cover dog harnesses. Harnesses can be broken into 2 main groups: front attachment & rear attachment. If you are interested in harnesses, but unsure which one would be best for you and your dog, please keep reading. I have included more details below on both options.
Front attachment harnesses are better suited for leash training of dogs who are strong pullers or bigger breeds since the attachment point is on the chest area of the harness. This allows the owner to lesson the dog's pull and even change the dog's orientation to face them if needed. The big con of front attachment harnesses is that if there is slack in the leash it will often become tangled in the front legs. Harnesses do come in a variety of price points so make sure that you read reviews and find one that fits your budget while also being good quality.
**Front Attachment Harness: Pictures are also links for purchase if desired**
Rear attachment harnesses are meant for dogs who are not pullers or have good leash manners. It is also often the preferred harness for smaller dogs. It still protects the neck from injury since all the stress is distributed along the chest, but because of location of attachment, located somewhere between the shoulders to middle of the back, excessive pulling can turn into a sled type action with the owner being pulled behind the dog. Pros of a rear attachment harness is that it won't become tangled in the legs. It is also the more popular harness option so it comes in more styles and colors. Finally, if you are walking multiple dogs, it is much easier to walk with rear attachment harnesses rather than front attachment harnesses to prevent leash entanglement.
**Rear Attachment Harness: Pictures are also links for purchase if desired**
The other training method/tool being covered today is the gentle leader. These leash/collar combos slip around the dog's nose and behind the head, often being mistaken for muzzles, but they do not hinder the dog's ability to open it's mouth. Gentle leaders are useful for dogs who pull hard on leash and work by allowing the dog's weight to work against their pulling instead of making the owner pull on the leash with their weight. They work great for some dogs, but do take some adjustment for your dog to get used to the feeling of the head gear and for that reason, are a little more training intensive. Below are a few options that I have found at varying price points.
**Pictures are also links for purchase if desired**
Because gentle leaders do take more time for your dog to get used to and also for you to use effectively, I have included the Gentle Leader fit and training video. There are of course other brands that make gentle leader head collars so don't forget to shop around & check reviews prior to purchasing, but it's the concept that is most important. If you are considering this training tool, I strongly encourage you to check out the video training guide for further instruction.
I hope you have found Method I & II informative and helpful. Part III & IV will cover Prong Collars & Electronic Collars which need more intensive training and also have higher risk of abuse so stay tuned for those articles!